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Now... let's talk about flying!
Based in London England, Stapleford Flight Centre has been training private and commercial airline pilots for over forty-five years. Many of our private pilot students have gone on to enjoy a lifetime of 'fun-in-the-sky' and many others have become flight instructors.
Of course, many hundreds of our past commercial pilot student are now flying for airline operators all over the world too - British Airways, Thomas Cook, Ryanair, Easyjet, Emirates, Cathay Pacific... to name just a few. So, if you want to learn to fly, or even become a commercial pilot yourself, then you've certainly come to the right place.
'The Dream' starts right here!
If you have decided you're interested in becoming a pilot, you will undoubtedly begin with a great many questions;
Here at Stapleford Flight Centre, we understand exactly how important it is to get clear answers to these questions. That's why we have put together a comprehensive explanation of all that's involved here below. We hope it helps you, but don't forget, we're also happy to answer questions directly as follows;
There are actually two main routes to becoming a pilot. The first is referred to as the 'modular' route, the second as 'integrated'. We will discuss these in more detail in a moment. For now, all you need to remember is that both routes are equally valid, and that both ultimately lead to the issue of what is known as a 'frozen' Airline Transport Pilot Licence (fATPL).
The reason the 'Frozen' ATPL is so-named is because in the early stages of your professional flying career you will (obviously) only have limited flying experience. So your ATPL is "frozen" until you have built up a set level of experience.
The fATPL is actually a series of licences and ratings with which to start your professional pilot career. Captains must hold a full ATPL but a First Officer can still fly professionally on his or her 'frozen' ATPL whilst building up the required flying time to 'unfreeze' their ATPL. Put another way, your fATPL is a shorthand way of saying,
"This is a commercial pilots licence containing a multi-engine instrument rating, and awaiting more experience"
Once you have achieved a total of 1,500 hours of total flying experience - of which 500 hours must be as co-pilot and 100 hours must be at night - it's then 'unfrozen' and thereafter referred to simply as your 'ATPL'.
Your fATPL will be issued by the UK CAA (Civil Aviation Authority). The UK CAA operates under EU law to rules set by the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA). EASA is the EU body responsible for training and for monitoring commercial-pilot standards across Europe. An EASA licence is recognised worldwide (although some conversion training may be required in third-party countries).
Before committing to the expense of any professional pilot training we strongly advise would-be students to first undertake a medical examination with the UK Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). All commercial pilots have to be declared 'medically fit' before being allowed to fly and the CAA will ensure you meet those required medical standards.
Your initial medical examination is undertaken by the CAA at London's Gatwick Airport and costs just a few hundred pounds. This fairly exacting medical standard is known as a "Class 1 Medical Certificate" and is an absolute prerequisite for a professional flying career.
Assuming you pass the medical checks, and have been granted your Class 1 Medical Certificate, you now need to examine the differences between the modular and integrated routes we mentioned earlier, so you can choose which best suits your individual circumstances.
(For more information see www.caa.co.uk/medical).
The modular route to a fATPL consists of a number of courses or 'modules' which need to be completed in the following order;
As you can see from the diagram above, once you have obtained your Class 1 Medical, you first need to train for and obtain an EASA Private Pilot Licence (PPL). This is a course of instruction that teaches you the raw basics of flying an aircraft, including taking off, climbing, flying straight and level, making left and right turns and, of course, landing - and is all initially conducted at Stapleford.
Once your instructor is happy with your progress, you will enjoy performing your first 'solo' flight - a truly momentous moment in your flying career. This is then followed by learning how to navigate to other airfields, joining an airfield 'circuit' and handling in-flight emergencies. Don't worry, your instructor will never let you go further than you are ready for, and it really is great fun!
During the PPL course you will need to complete at least forty-five flying hours of flying time. Then you will need to pass nine multiple-choice written exams, as follows:
You will also need to pass a test of your ability to use the aircraft radio. Finally, you will need to pass a final flying test with a CAA-approved examiner. The PPL course is always undertaken in a small single-engine training aircraft - such as the many Cessna 152s, Piper PA28s or the new Tecnam P2008JC we have here at Stapleford Flight Centre.
Once you have a PPL you will then need to move on to pass further written exams at the higher, professional-pilot level.
These multiple-choice exams are often called 'the ATPLs'. And these are the fourteen subjects you will cover;
Whilst studying for your ATPL exams you will also need to build up your flying experience by flying 'solo' as a fully-qualified private pilot. During this time you will also learn to fly at night. This is always an exciting moment; seeing the lights of towns and cities against a very dark background and learning how to judge both height and distance in low-level light. You will also need to undertake one flight of at least 300 nautical miles, and with two airfield stops in-between, to build up your navigational experience.
Finally, you will need to build up at least one hundred hours of "Pilot In Command" experience (PIC) before being eligible to sit the next stages below. This is often referred to as 'hour building' or 'flight experience'. Stapleford’s location is ideal for this hour building. This is because the airspace in and around Stapleford and London's four main airports is some of the busiest and most complex in the World and this allows the student to attain a high level of 'situational awareness' (a phrase we'll examine more closely in a moment) during this crucial part of the training process. It’s not all about flying an aeroplane, we need to be aware of what is going on around us as well.
Once you have the required number of flying hours, and passed all fourteen ATPL exams, you can move to the next stages of your professional flight training;
Now you have a choice at this point; you can either undertake the CPL first, followed by the ME and ME/IR, or you can complete the ME and ME/IR first, and then complete the CPL. It's entirely up to you but let's assume you begin with the Commercial Pilot Licence course...
Much of the CPL course is similar to the PPL course, but you will be expected to fly ever more accurately and precisely. This course will build your skills and accuracy and includes at least twenty-five hours of flight training. The course is undertaken in heavier, faster and more 'complex' aeroplanes than the basic training aircraft.
The main focus of this course is to develop your 'situational awareness' - in other words, being much more aware of everything that is going on around you. You need to know what goes on inside and outside the aircraft. And you need to learn how to 'plan ahead' rather than focusing only on what is immediately in front of you.
Now, you may have noticed that almost all commercial airliners have more than one engine. But so far, your training has all been undertaken on single-engine aircraft hasn't it? So now it's time to expand your experience to include flying twin-engined aircraft. Of course, having two engines makes some elements of a given flight easier. Apart from anything else, you now have a 'spare' engine to rely on if one fails. However, the ME rating also teaches you how to handle a twin-engine aircraft if one engine does fail.
The Multi-Engine Rating (ME) involves a minimum of six hours of flying training. The weight, speed, and complexity of the aircraft you train on increases on this course and ends with a flight test with an approved CAA examiner. (By now, you're probably starting to realise that the route to your fATPL involves collecting a series of ratings and licences).
So far, all of your flying has been restricted to 'good weather' days with clear skies and where you are looking outside of the aircraft most of the time. But weather isn't always like that is it? In fact, a considerable amount of your time as a commercial pilot will be spent flying in limited (or even nil) visibility - due to cloud, fog, heavy rain or snow.
So now you need to expand your skills to include 'flying blind' which involves quite a bit more time looking inside the aircraft - and in particular, relying on just the aircraft instruments, hence the name 'Multi-Engine Instrument Rating' (ME/IR). During this part of your training, you will learn how to navigate to various airfields, make an approach using only your instruments, perform a 'go around', then handle a simulated engine failure on the climb-out, and then conduct a series of other tasks with only one engine functioning. As you might imagine, this is without doubt the most challenging element of your training!
The course is a minimum of forty-five hours and is a combination of both real aircraft and simulator-based training. As always, this ME/IR course ends with a flight test with a CAA-approved examiner.
All of the above describes the 'modular' route to the fATPL. If you train full-time, the modular route normally takes around eighteen months to complete, depending to some extent on having good weather as you go along. However, despite a few legal time limits you are allowed between modules, the real beauty of the modular approach is that you can undertake each stage as and when it suits your individual time frame and budget.
So far, we have only discussed the modular route to an ATPL. The integrated route covers all of the same training and ATPL exams but is more like going to study at a university. An integrated ATPL course can only be studied full-time and, unlike the modular route, generally means that you have to fund all (or most) of the cost all in one go.
In addition, although structured, the integrated 'modules' are less well defined which means that your written exam study and your flying training often overlap. Nonetheless, one advantage of an integrated course is that, with the full-time study, the course can normally be completed marginally quicker than the modular ATPL course. Slightly fewer flying hours are required to complete the integrated course too, although the standards finally expected of you will be exactly the same.
Internal flight tests with in-house examiners will occur throughout the course to assess your progress and ensure you are ready to progress to the next stage. An integrated ATPL course must be completed with a single training provider throughout. The course ends with a flight test with a CAA-appointed examiner in the same manner as the modular ATPL course.
Exactly as with the modular route, you will now have your prized fATPL. Congratulations!
Clearly, you are now a reasonably experienced pilot with a lot to be proud of. But you've still only ever flown as a single crew operator rather than as part of a two-person crew haven't you? So that's where the next stage in your professional pilot career comes in - learning how to fly with someone else in the flight deck or cockpit to consider...
The MCC course teaches you the basics of flying with another pilot at your side. This makes pretty good sense. After all, larger aircraft are going to be easier to fly if tasks are shared between two or more crew members aren't they?
However, this 'task sharing' advantage brings with it further challenges. For instance, what would happen to a two-person crew of a large passenger aircraft if it wasn't clear who was responsible for lowering the undercarriage before landing? And what would happen if it were left unclear who was responsible for actually flying the aircraft when a technical problem arose to distract both pilots? Without clear task allocations, it's easy to see how accidents might happen.
It's also easy to see that if two pilots don't communicate well with eachother - especially where they might have quite different personalities, or perhaps very different cultural backgrounds - any resulting misunderstandings could easily lead to accidents too. So a good deal of your MCC course discusses how two or more pilots - who are human beings after all - ought to interact with eachother consistently and professionally to minimise those risks.
You will learn how to be situationally aware of all the factors involved with conducting a safe flight; from the internal (technical), to external (environmental), to the human (personal). You'll ask "How well is the aircraft flying?", "What is the weather doing?" and "What are other aircraft around us doing?" all the way to "How fatigued are my fellow crew on this rather long night flight?"
In addition to these safety-related issues, on routine multi-crew flights you'll learn that one pilot is always responsible for flying the aircraft and the other for the additional tasks that arise; radio call responses, checking fuel figures and so on. Again, even on normal flights, without a clear understanding of who does what and when, it's clear that chaos would soon ensue.
The MCC course teaches you the typical task allocations that happens in a professional flying environment and by the end you'll be clear about the principles of flying safely with other crew members.
You may find that some 'integrated route' schools also offer an optional "MCC / Jet Orientation Course". This is much the same as the MCC course as described above except that it places particular emphasis on the task allocation involved in a jet aircraft environment. Along with the principles of multi-crew operations, the JOC provides the student with some useful simulator-handling experience of the larger and heavier jet aircraft types.
Ok, so now you have both your fATPL and an MCC certificate. But, unless you have undertaken a Jet Orientation Course (JOC) as described above, you still won't have had any experience (real or simulated) of a larger passenger aircraft will you? So this is where you will apply everything you have learned on much smaller aircraft to a much larger and specific aircraft type; perhaps a 20-seat turboprop, or even the larger 230-seat Boeing or Airbus jets.
Of course, these are much bigger and faster passenger transports, and are certainly more complex than anything you will have flown so far. Nevertheless, the basic principles you apply to flying a small aircraft will be much the same; after all, every aircraft ever made has always had a fuselage, some aerofoil surfaces and some form of propulsion hasn't it?
All that really changes is the speed at which everything happens (due to the much faster airspeeds of turboprop and jet aircraft), the sheer number of extra instruments you will need to keep an eye on (due to the size and complexity of the aircraft itself) and, of course, the likelihood that you will now be flying in and out of much larger and busier airports.
Your type rating will be a structured programme that begins with a considerable amount of classroom time. With your ground instructors' advice and help - along with electronic presentations, flight-deck mockups, printed literature and sometimes a 'self-learning' automated computer programme - you will learn all about your specifically chosen aircraft in great detail.
You will be looking at the overall handling characteristics and performance of the aircraft. You'll learn how the jet or turboprop engines work, you'll learn how the hydraulic (and/or computer-based 'fly-by-wire' electrical systems) drive the various aerofoil surfaces to control flight direction, and you'll learn how to operate the landing gear.
You'll also study the navigation tools onboard - including how to use ground beacons, satellite GPS and the onboard flight management computers to know exactly where you are at any moment, and how to programme a flight route.
You'll then learn about the highly sophisticated safety equipment available on modern commercial aircraft - such as ground-proximity, traffic-collision and automatic stall-warning systems.
Last but not least, you'll learn about the challenges of flying at much higher speeds than before, at higher altitudes and in a pressurised cabin.
Once you have learned the classroom theory, you will begin putting your knowledge to the test in highly-complex simulators; often with 'full motion' facilities to accurately mimic the real aeroplane's performance. You will learn how to handle the aircraft in normal everyday situations, as well as how to manage engine failures, decompressions, hydraulic failures and computer malfunctions. Great fun!
Finally, at the end of your type rating training, you will have the chance to fly the real aeroplane. You will be expected to complete some take-offs, circuits and landings until the examiner is satisfied you can manage the basics of flying the aircraft safely. This is often called 'Base Training' and represents the successful end of your type rating.
We guarantee that you will have a very large smile on your face when you step out of the aircraft. You'll look back at the sheer size of the machine you have controlled so well and give yourself a well-deserved pat on the back!
Assuming you pass each stage, you will now be able to apply for that specific aircraft 'type' to be added to your fATPL. And most importantly, you will realise that your brand-new type rating has made you a much more employable commodity.
Since they involve the use of expensive simulators and real aircraft, type ratings do cost a considerable amount of money. Some students will be able to afford the costs themselves, but most will need to borrow the money either from their bank, their immediate family or some combination thereof.
Whichever financial path they choose, they are 'self-financing' their type rating. Therefore once they've passed the course they are completely free to work for any employer who offers a flight crew position, and who has that particular aircraft type in their fleet.
However, from time to time, some commercial airlines offer 'Direct Entry Cadet Pilot Sponsorships'. This is where the airline will cover the entire initial cost outlay of the type rating, but recoup their outlay by employing you on a lower salary than a self-financed pilot would earn afterwards.
As you might imagine, competition is quite fierce for such sponsorships; partly because these schemes usually involve little or no initial financial outlay for the pilot, but also because they tend to have a reasonably reliable chance of securing employment with the airline subsequently. However, the 'flip side' is that you will be less free to work for another employer until the sponsoring airline's outlay is 'paid back', and you will certainly be on a lower salary than someone in the same job who had self-financed their type rating - perhaps for a number of years.
Whichever approach you take, your type rating will usually be followed by a period of 'Line Training' where you are flying a real aircraft, on real routes and with real passengers; albeit as a Cadet Second Officer until you satisfy the various training captains you are competent to fly as a fully-fledged First Officer.
So now that you understand the process, the importance of choosing the right school to begin your training is really put into sharp focus isn't it?
There are of course a number of excellent flying schools in the UK and abroad that can provide modular and/or integrated ATPL training. But you need to ensure that you have fully understood the options open to you, and that you have visited at least some of the schools, so that you can gain a clear picture of the advantages and disadvantages of them all.
So, let's now tell you a little more about Stapleford Flight Centre...
To begin with, as we have already mentioned, Stapleford Flight Centre (SFC) has trained hundreds of pilots who are now flying with commercial air operators all over the world. And we have the pass rates to prove both our training expertise and our successful track record. So rest assured, if you choose SFC as your training school, you really do have the best chance of achieving your dream.
Moreover, SFC owns its own airfield just to the north of London. This geo-location represents a significant advantage over many of our competitors as it allows our students to train within some of the busiest airspace in the world. This alone means that you will be getting used to a high workload right from the start of your training. But why is this so valuable?
Well, one big advantage is that, unlike at quieter airfields, you'll get used to dealing with a high number of radio calls right away. It also means you'll have plenty of other aircraft in quite close proximity to keep a careful lookout for. This builds an early appreciation of situational awareness – without question the most valuable skill a professional pilot can (and must) develop.
We offer superb student accommodation, plus a friendly clubhouse serving great food at our licensed bar. We are in close proximity to London, with all it has to offer, as well as having lots of local sports and entertainment outlets available locally. Transport-wise, there is a car freely available to all our commercial students, as well as excellent transport links to the centre of London and elsewhere.
Last but not least, Stapleford's staff are always on hand to answer any questions you may have and there are always lots of students here from all over the world, so you have a great opportunity to make new and lifelong friendships.
Unlike many of our competitors, Stapleford Flight Centre provides all commercial students a wide variety of aircraft types to train on; from our single-engine Tecnam P2008 JC, Cessna 152's, through to our retractable-undercarriage Piper Arrows, all the way up to our state-of-the-art multi-engine Diamond Twin Stars. This means that you will be building an ever-wider experience of different types of aircraft - each with different handling characteristics and performance.
Getting a really good instructor is an essential part of your future success. We have a superb team of friendly, professional and highly-experienced instructors. Each of them has flown many hundreds, and some thousands, of hours. This means they know exactly how demanding the training is and know exactly what it takes to provide the best training for you as an individual. We offer all of the courses described above, providing you with everything you need to get from 'Zero to Hero'.
A simple but perfectly understandable question! Whilst it's true you can't be a complete dullard, and you most certainly can't be lazy, with a reasonable head for basic arithmetic, a steady hand, plus our expert training here at SFC, your dream of a professional flying career really is within reach.
This is perhaps the biggest question of all. The honest answer is that a commercial flying licence does involve spending a lot of money. Whether studying via the modular or integrated routes, by the time you factor in ongoing living expenses over the eighteen or so months it all takes, you should expect to spend somewhere in the region of £50-60,000 to get your fATPL. Then, unless you join a sponsored scheme as described above, you'll also need to budget a further £15,000 or £30,000 respectively to obtain either a turbo-prop or jet type rating.
However, this considerable expenditure is more than offset by the opportunity to earn a good salary as a professional pilot, perhaps for many years ahead. Typical starting salaries for self-financed First Officers in the UK are around £30-35,000 per year, with salaries increasing to near £100,000 per year for highly-experienced Captains.
There is always a demand for new pilots as older pilots retire and the airlines of the world expand (especially in the Far East currently). We offer all students the latest airline industry recruitment news as we get it. And if you need more information on raising the necessary funds, we are always happy to help you plan your finances and offer advice on obtaining student loans.
Interested? Excited? Motivated? Still have some unanswered questions? Then why not contact us, or come along to one of our regular open days to find out more? Your dream of becoming a pilot starts right here!
Our Training Facilities
When requesting a clearance into the new Southend CAS, from April 2nd 2015, it would be advisable to quote the CTA number(s) that you want clearance into. Sadly the CTA numbers are not shown on the new 1:500,000 chart and so you will find this chart useful. We strongly suggest that you carry it with you when flying locally to help you ensure you get the clearance you want. If you have any questions or concerns please contact one of the instructors at Stapleford: 01708 688380.
Our FREE quarterly newsletter 'Take Off' (PDF - 274kb) is now available to download (requires Acrobat Reader). It contains lots of up-to-the-minute news about the airfield and club as well as all the latest gossip. We want your contributions too. So if you have any stories, anecdotes or other ideas you wish to add to the next newsletter, or if you wish wish to order a FREE copy, please contact our editor Sue Rose - firstname.lastname@example.org or call her on 07808 587248.
Stapleford Flight Centre launches new 'mobile-friendly' website. We hope you like it - and that it displays consistently well on your desktop, laptop, tablet or mobile device (and if not, please do let us know and we'll try our very best to fix it).
Stapleford Flight Centre, one of the UK’s top flight training schools, is leading the field with the acquisition of a brand new “state of the art” ALX Alsim medium jet simulator. This is first in the UK, and one of only five in Europe. It has just been installed at the Essex-based airfield and it will be used for MCC (Multi-Crew Co-operation) courses and JOC (Jet Orientation Courses) as well as a combined course for tomorrow’s airline pilots.
Stapleford Flight Centre is proud to announce its affiliation with ATPL Finance. Get help with raising the finance for your flight training!
In conjunction with ProPilot we are introducing an enhanced ab-initio course where, in addition to the standard Zero to Frozen ATPL elements, we will train for type-rating preparation.
The first-ever National Air Traffic Service (NATS) Infringement Prevention Award has been awarded to Stapleford Flight Centre. This is a result of the sustained campaign led by Deputy Head of Training, Brian Peppercorn.
Stapleford Flight Centre, internationally-renowned flight training school for private and commercial pilots, has been awarded Full Accredition for its training courses by the British Accreditation Council for Independent, Further and Higher Education.